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话说英国两千年——从凯尔特人的氏族部落,到盎格鲁萨克森人的大英帝国  作者:大军冯毅  分类:[历史]  
  今天是“八一五”光复纪念日,想起当年二战后,英国赠送给中国的巡洋舰“重庆”号,曾在二战中参与追杀德国主力舰“俾斯麦”号,具有很强的战斗力,可惜,,,,,,,
  
   这艘武装精良、装备先进的巡洋舰,在第二次世界大战中,担任皇家海军“胜利”号航空母舰的护航舰,追杀“俾斯麦”号,还曾随英国舰队参加过大西洋、地中海的多次海战,还曾经担任过皇家海军的一支地中海分舰队——K舰队(由2艘巡洋舰和2艘驱逐舰组成)的旗舰,并参加过登陆西西里岛和攻取土伦港的战役,由于战绩出色,使意大利海军吃尽苦头,它也因此获得一个响亮的绰号——“银色魔鬼”。
  
    1948年5月19日,英国政府将该舰移交国民政府,遂改名“重庆号”。经近3个月的航行,于8月回国,停泊上海。
  
    “重庆号”是当时中国海军中最大最强的主力军舰,被视为“王牌”军舰,“重庆号”巡洋舰亦是我国海军史上,继“定远”、“镇远”之后,吨位最大、装备最新、火力最强的战斗军舰。
  
   按照美英的计划,英国主要是要赠送中国一艘护航航空母舰“伏威”号,意在镇压日本对中国不服之意,结果亦因大陆江山变色而告吹,英国转交中国的“重庆”号巡洋舰与“灵甫”号驱逐舰,按计划,皆为日后中国的第一艘轻型航空母舰“伏威”号护航之用。
  
   “重庆”号起义,打乱了计划,而原定的中华民国海军的护航航空母舰舰长胡敬端海军上校,亦在“重庆”号起义时遇害。

  这一段时间工作极忙,以至于长时间未有更新,向各位拥趸致歉。我会尽快在工作中抽时间进行写作,近期打算要完成的工作包括:
  
  1)将已完成的章节,进行修订,天涯的这个历史论坛,虽然我不是很熟悉,不过,这里有一位斑竹我还稍微熟悉一些,我会请该斑竹帮忙,帮我把修订的内容替换到正文里去。
  
  2)有关法国历史或德国历史的长篇,也在寻找材料与构思之中,会尽快写出。

  In terms of the Brithsh history, there is too complicated content to be involved, I think I should pay more time and strength to investigate so many original materials and write more integrated and comprehensive articles related to Brithsh history, for exmaple, I'm reading and investagating articles related to Brithsh political history from English website as the following,
  
  
  
  Political History
  The county of Oxford dates as an entity only from the 10th century. Its formation as a separate shire was a result of the reconquest of the Danish portions of England by the descendants of Alfred the Great, and of the consequent settlement of the kingdom. Our information regarding the history of the district in the period which elapsed between the departure of the Romans and the coming of the Danes is very slight, and rests upon incidental references, the precise meaning of which is sometimes a matter of conjecture. The foolish love of spurious antiquity, which inspired chroniclers down to the 17th century, is responsible for the cycle of myths associated with the name of Oxford and the surrounding country; myths which have been so often investigated that it is unnecessary even to chronicle them here. (fn. 1) They can be traced ultimately to the tales of Geoffrey of Monmouth, (fn. 2) and they find their first coherent exponent in the Historia Regum Angliae (fn. 3) of John Rouse (1411 ?— 91). The foundation of Oxford by Mempric a thousand years before Christ; the pretty fancy that Cricklade's name is a corruption of Greek-lade, and that it was a home of Greek philosophy before the beginning of the Christian era; the rival claims of Oxford and Cambridge to immemorial antiquity—all these belong to a type of legend which succumbed to the first attacks of scientific history.
  If we accept the evidence of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the received tradition of the conquest of Wessex, (fn. 4) the district originated, as a portion of the West Saxon kingdom, before the rise of Mercia. The early stages of the growth of the Mercian kingdom are very obscure, and we have no evidence as to the date when Oxford definitely ceased to be included in the kingdom of Wessex. If the 'Beandune', where Cynegils and Cwichelm defeated the Welsh in 614, be Benton or Bampton near the Berkshire border of Oxfordshire, it is clear that at this date the power of Wessex was unbroken. Penda, the great king of Mercia, is first mentioned in the Chronicle under the year of his accession (625). Three years later it is recorded that he did battle with Cynegils and Cwichelm as far south as Cirencester, 'and afterwards came to an agreement'. One might infer that about this date the Thames came to be recognized as the boundary of Mercia, were it not for the evidence of Bede's Ecclesiastical History. In his account of the mission of Birinus to Wessex (c. 634–5), Bede makes it clear that the diocese of Dorchester originated as a West Saxon see; and it remained so for about forty years after the battle near Cirencester and the 'agreement' which resulted in a considerable loss of territory by the West Saxons.